نقد نظرية تأثير البوذية على التصوف الإسلامي في أفغانستان
The issue of the direct influence of Buddhism on Islamic Sufism arouses widespread interest and debate in academic circles, especially in the field of Orientalist studies of religions. This is due to the introduction of Buddhism into ancient Khorasan in the middle of the third century BC, and left cultural, artistic and urban imprints in this country. Hence, a suspicion arose that Islamic Sufism in Afghanistan had been influenced by the practices and rituals of Buddhism. However, we must realize that the presence of traces of pagan temples in a country does not necessarily mean the continuation of those beliefs in the faith of its inhabitants.
On the other hand, we must be aware that we cannot rely on the opinions of Orientalists regarding the influence of Buddhism on Islamic Sufism in this country. Orientalists are often critical of Muslims and question the sources of Islam, including the Qur’an and Sunnah. Therefore, the researcher in this study intends to criticize the allegations related to the influence of Buddhism on Islamic Sufism in this country, and he does so by raising this suspicion, analyzing it, and responding to it with strong evidence. On the basis of this evidence, the researcher reaches an important conclusion, which is that Islamic Sufism derives its basis from the Qur’an and Sunnah, and most Sufis in Afghanistan are followers of authentic Sufism whose origins were purely Islamic.
Keywords: Islamic Sufism, Buddhism, Buddhist Monasteries, Afghanistan, Sources of Sufism.
Sher Maqsoud HIDARY, Asst. Prof. Faculty of Sharia, Department of Jurisprudence and Law, Kabul University – AFGHANISTAN
Mohammad Shahir MASOMI, Asst. Prof. Faculty of Sharia, Department of Religious Studies and Philosophy, Kabul University – AFGHANISTAN