مكانة البيعة في الإسلام والمسائل المتعلقة بها
This research discusses the topic of the legitimate pledge of allegiance (Bay’ah) to the ruler in Islam and its importance, as well as the related issues. It emphasizes that the pledge of allegiance to the ruler is based on evidence from the Quran and Sunnah, and that the companions pledged their allegiance to the Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, for Islam, migration, support, protection, and jihad in the cause of Allah, and they were committed to hearing and obeying him.
The research highlights the importance of pledging allegiance to the Muslim ruler in achieving the objectives of religion, with the aim of implementing the provisions of Sharia, preserving rights, security, and societal stability, promoting unity and cohesion among people, and avoiding division, turmoil, sedition, and evil. It asserts that hearing and obeying the ruler is an obligatory duty in all circumstances, and that one should not engage in actions specific to the ruler without his permission. It also emphasizes the necessity of advising and reminding the ruler of Allah, and that this advice should be done privately. The research warns against speaking or acting against the ruler and against dissenting from the congregation and inciting people against him.
The research concludes by reminding Muslims that they should thank Allah for the blessing of the pledge of allegiance and preserve it, fulfilling their obligations towards it. It states that whoever neglects the pledge of allegiance and dies without having it on his neck, it is as if he died in the pre-Islamic period of ignorance (Jahiliyyah). This is what is discussed in this article.
Keywords: Bay’ah in Islam, hearing and obedience, refraining from dissent, related issues.
Hamed Mesbah, PhD student at Afghanistan International University – AFGHANISTAN
Abdul Raouf Habibi, Assistant Professor at Parwan University, Department of Islamic Instructions – AFGHANISTAN
Dr. Zaidullah Emad Al-Din NAEL, Assistant Professor at Kabul University, Faculty of Law and Politics, Department of International Relations – AFGHANISTAN
Sayed Aqa SAYES, Professor at Kabul University of Medical Sciences, Department of Islamic Culture. Kabul – AFGHANISTAN
Abdul Khaliq Mesbah, Professor at Kabul University of Medical Sciences. Department of Islamic Culture, specialization in jurisprudence and law – AFGHANISTAN