الأربعاء , أبريل 17 2024

Grammatical sevens: An inductive and analytical study

سبعيات نحوية: دراسة استقرائية تحليلية

This research was titled: (Seven Grammar) to explain these seven pillars and their importance, as they are considered among the basics of grammar. Grammatical sentences are not devoid of these pillars. Indeed, we do not find any Arabic word devoid of one of these pillars.

Due to its importance and place in grammatical studies, the study with this title was an explanation of it, a definition of its meanings, and a statement of its rulings.

By these (sevens) we mean (nominatives), although some grammarians see them as five, as will be mentioned later, just as there are other grammatical sevens, which are: (sentences that have no place in grammatical analysis), and (sentences that have a place in grammatical analysis), But the researcher here means by (grammatical sevens) the seven nominatives, and these nominatives are all (nouns), which do not contain (a verb or a letter), and they are: the subject, the predicate, the subject, the deputy subject, the noun kan and its sisters, the predicate inna and its sisters, and the subordinate to the nominative.

Through the study, the researcher found that most grammarians begin these seven nominatives with (the subject), but we believe that beginning them with (the subject) is better. Because the subject comes first in the sentence in terms of order, so when we say: (Zaid is a scholar), we find the subject (Zaid) placed in the nominal sentence in first place, then the predicate (a scholar) comes in second place.

As for (the subject), this is not the case. When we say: (Zaid the world came) we find the subject (Zaid) ranked second in the verbal sentence, and the verb (came) ranked first.

Keywords: Nominatives, Nouns, Reproducers.

Dr. Djibrine Ali OUMAR, University Assistant, Department of Arabic literature and linguistics, University of Ndjamena – TCHAD

تقييم المستخدمون: كن أول المصوتون !

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