حکم تعدد الدولة أو توحیدها في الإسلام
The texts of the Sharia indicate the unification of the Islamic state and the lack of discrimination among Muslims in all aspects of life, especially in the great Imamate. The law urged Muslims to unite on one prince and one imam, and that following him in Sharia matters is a necessary matter established in the Sharia texts. The importance of the Islamic state appears from the interest of the Prophet, may God bless him and grant him peace, and his companions for it. The first thing the Prophet, may God bless him and grant him peace, paid attention to in Medina was establishing the Islamic state. Because religious and worldly matters cannot be advanced except by establishing the Islamic state. Therefore, the scholars agreed that it is not permissible to have multiple imams in the land of Islam in one time and one place, and some scholars made an exception in the case of necessity, meaning that it is not permissible to have two imams at the same time who must be obeyed… unless there is a sea between the two countries that prevents the arrival of support to the people of each one. From one to the other
In that case, it is permissible for the people of each of them to assign the imamate to one of the people of his district. Therefore, the current circumstances require that we act according to the words of these scholars who issue fatwas regarding multiple imams in two distant regions. Because doing the lesser of two evils is better than doing the greater of the two evils.
The absence of an imam in the world means that there should be multiple imams in different places. We need to work on this saying until the conditions and opportunities are available to establish the Islamic system in the world.
Keywords: Islamic state, multiple imams, caliph, sultan, house of Islam.
Naqibullah SAQIB, Assistant Professor, Department of Jurisprudence and Law, Sharia Faculty, Helmand University- AFGHANISTAN
Basir Ahmad TAYYEB, Assistant Professor, Department of Jurisprudence and Law, Sharia Faculty Afghan International Islamic University, Kabul- AFGHANISTAN