الأنماط النحوية لجملة خبر “كاد” المثبتة في سياق المبالغةوتصنيفها دلاليا في الاستعارة والكناية والمبالغة الخالصة
The grammatical patterns of the non-negated sentence of “KAD” subject in the context of exaggeration, its semantic classification in metaphor, metonymy and pure exaggeration.
This research interests in studying the grammatical patterns of the non-negated sentence of “KAD” subject in the context of exaggeration, when the sentence has an expanded meaning that highlights what is going on in the mind of the speaker of feelings and differs from the basic meaning indicating the proximity of the event only. The evidences have been divided into two divisions, one of them in which the subject and object agree the rules of occurrence or lexical selection, some of these matching evidences came in the metaphor section, some of them came as pure exaggerations, the pure exaggerations are independent semantic phenomenon equals the metaphor and metonymy. The second division, in which the subject and object disagree the rules of the lexical selection, this disagreement produced an allegorical photography characterized by exaggeration.
The grammatical patterns in which the evidences for the subject of “KAD” were organized in the context of exaggeration have varied, in the evidences in which the sentence came as a metaphor or a metonymy, while the pure exaggeration came in only one grammatical pattern, the tools of refraining such as; “LAO” and “LAOLA” were among the elements which appeared with “KAD” subject in the context of exaggeration to confirm the precaution profited from “KAD”, as well from the causative “MEN” and its genitive which provide an explanation for the verb which represents a pillar of “KAD” subject.
Keywords: “KAD”, The grammatical patterns, The rules of the lexical selection, A metaphor, A metonymy, Exaggeration.
Hoda Fathy Youssef Abdelatty, Assistant Profesor Arabic language, College of Science and Arts in Buraidah Qassim University – KINGDOM of SAUDI ARABIA