الدرس النحوي في تشاد في القرن العشرين -منظومة الحروف النحوية للشيخ أحمد طِبَيْك أنموذجا-
The study aims to explore the work research realized in Chad on the teaching of Arabic grammar and to show the links with the fundamental sources of grammatical science from the Arab East and West. It built on previous studies, including: “The grammatical and linguistic works of Chadian scholars,” thesis by Mahamat Seid Abdallah; “The system of grammatical letters: a study and an investigation”, thesis of Issa Hassan Djouma, as well as the research, entitled “The grammatical and analytical study of the Sariyat Atoullad poetry of Cheikh Ahmat Al-Bour-i”, realized by Amine Ali Dahab. Thus, there is evidence of scientific and linguistic works by Chadian scholars which circulated in the 20th century. The most famous are: Al-Ajrumiyya and its explanation, Moulhat Al-irab of Al-Hariri, and the books of Ibn Hicham Al-Ansari, such as Qatar Al-Nada and Balla sada, Chuzur Al-Dahab and Mughnil-labib an kutubal A-Arib and the book Rasf Al-Mabani fi Charh Huruf Al-Ma’ani lilmalighi, Alfiyyah Ibn Malik and his explanations. The study recommends further research and investigation into the Chadian manuscripts, most of which are in the possession of the authors’ children and relatives. It suggests analyzing the scientific relationship between “The Grammar Lesson” by Sheikh Ahmed Tibek and the book Mughnil-labib by Ibn Hicham Al-Ansari.
Keywords: Grammar in Chad, Sheikh Tibaik, the System of Grammatical Letters
Dr. Amine Ali DAHAB, Assistant d’Université – Université de Doba – TCHAD
Dr. Hamdane Hisseine MAHAMAT, Assistant d’Université, Université deN’Djamena – TCHAD