الأحد , فبراير 5 2023

Historical writing in Bahrain at the beginning of the Twentieth Century, A critical study

الكتابة التاريخية في البحرين في مطلع القرن العشرين دراسة نقدية

The reign of Sheikh Isa ibn Ali Al Khaleifa especially in the beginning of the twentieth century Bahrain witnessed a great cultural activity to be reflected on the cultural production and that led to the appearance of big names in the domains of culture, thought and literature and the concern of the Bahrain heritage and history in an attempt to intensify the national entity culturally. The near beginning in recording and writing the modern history of Bahrain took place in the reign of Sheikh Isa ibn Ali Al Khaliefa after the appearance of some pioneer writers who served the heritage and history of Bahrain such as:

1. Mohamed ibn Khaleifa El Nabhani who wrote his book: (El Tohfa El nabhaniya fi Tarikh El Jazeerati El Arabi).

2. A second book is that of Nasir ibn Jawhar ibn Mubarak Al Khairyintitled (Galaed El Nahrain fi Tarekh El Bahrain).

3. Mohamed ibn Ali El Tajer divided his book (Iqdalaal fi TarikhAwal). A second book is that of Nasir ibn Jawhar ibn Mubarak Al Khairyintitled (Galaed El Nahrain fi Tarekh El Bahrain).

In spite of the great efforts exerted by writers of the alove mentioned books, there books went under close critical reviewing through which appeared clearly the paradox of historical writing during the reign of Sheikh Isa ibn Ali Al Khaliefa the most Critical historical reading

Finally, we must say that in spite of the efforts of the authors of the references of the history of Bahrain mentioned here above, the critical reading reflects the presence a paradox in writing the history of Bahrain that exige the re-writing of the history of Bahrain according to new method, a thing that would be considered, when realized, a national service which would enhance the cultural movement in the kingdom of Bahrain.

Keywords: The History of Bahrain, Cultural Movement, Historical Writing, Shaikh Isa bin Ali Al Khalifa, Blogging and Documentation, Nabhani, Nasser charity, Muhammad Ali Al Tajir.

Dr. Khalid Ismail Nayef AL HAMADANI, Associate Professor of History and Islamic Civilization, Department of Social Sciences – College of Literature, Bahrain University – BAHRAIN

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