مشكلة تعليم أطفال المهاجرين السوريين وبرامج الدمج الاجتماعيتركيا وألمانيا نموذجاً
The Syrian revolution, after ten years of the ongoing war in Syria, has produced the greatest human tragedy that humanity has known of the destruction and displacement of about 16 million unarmed civilians, with disastrous results that half of the victims are children and youth, who have big needs of basic human rights in education, food and medicine. It is noticeable that there is a great difference in national policies in dealing with Syrian refugees in countries of asylum, according to their different political systems and economic conditions, between the exclusion or social integration refuges children.
This paper attempts to monitor these policies, and stop at the models of experiences of social integration of children for Syrian refugees in Turkey and Germany, and to indicate the level of success in the two experiences and the basic obstacles to social integration, starting with the problem of language, securing job opportunities and access to income and ending with understanding the regulations, laws and the culture of the host countries, and stopping at integration into society. Preserving the cultural identity, which will remain in the short term as a dual identity problem, may delay the integration process in the short and medium term, but integration will lead to preserving this duality in the event that children return to their homeland or remain in the host country, so the best investment will be in the formation of these human resources. In the interest of the countries that dealt humanely and rationally with this issue, these children become men of cultural and economic communication between their home country and the country that hosted and spent on their education.
Keywords: Education, Children, Immigrants, Syrians, Social Integration.
Pr. Samir AL CHIKH ALI, Professor, Department of Sociology, Mardin Artuklu University, Mardin – TÜRKIYE