The study analyzes the hidden Syrian power structure to identify its background and the extent of its influence on the Syrian state and the Syrian decision! And answer the question: Is there really a separation between the Syrian state and the hidden Syrian authority? It is a desk study, based on the descriptive-analytical method, and content analysis.
The study starts from the moment the Syrian state emerged according to the Sykes-Picot plot and then the French mandate, independence, and the entry into conflicts of military coups and political conspiracies, the emergence of the Arab Socialist Baath Party ruling in Syria now, and its arrival to power, conspiracies and military-political conflicts within the party and the army and with Israel. Then Hafez al-Assad’s arrival to power and his struggles within the Alawite sect and with political Islam! his involvement in national and regional wars, and the measures he took to establish his internal authority; And then Bashar al-Assad’s arrival to power and the steps he took in order to seize power.
One of the results is that Hafez AL-Assad is a pivotal figure in the Syrian authority, which is divided into two parts: the front government and the shadow government. The front government is divided classically and hierarchically into clear constitutional and official institutions, and It’s a front for another government that runs the Syrian authority from behind, based on several lists, the first of which are: security branches, the Alawite community and relatives, the army; In second place: The Arab Socialist Ba’ath Party and the National Progressive Front; Third: Control over the media, the economy, internal social loyalists, and external support. The People’s Assembly, the judiciary, the government, and the people are administered through these lists.
Keywords: Syrian Regime – The Arab Socialist Ba’ath Party – Hafez Al-Assad – Bashar Al-Assad – Syrian Revolution – Elite Sociology – Power Structure.
Safwan QASSAM, Doctorate, University of Mersin – TÜRKİYE.