بنية الجملة العربية بين قيودالنظامين: النحوي والبلاغي
This study aims to investigate the system of the Arabic sentence and the arrangement of its units within an attributive structure that means intended or unintended meanings in regulating compounds that have the structure and consistency of its limbs and the harmony of its components and the interdependence of its parts.
The predicate structure in the Arabic sentence means placing the parts in a grammatical-synthetic-semantic and rhetorical structure.
Among the components of the structural system of the sentence, we mention the following:
1- Its ability to disassemble and analyze into parts called components.
2- Each type of component performs a function that contributes to the meaning of the structure.
3- The components of the structure are linked to each other by relationships that serve the unity of the structure.
From this point of view, the sentence, as the subject of grammar and the pillar of building texts, is a compound based on a relationship of attribution in which the basic sentence form may be satisfied (which is a synthetic and mystical modal at the same time), and its basic form may be enriched with complements that the speaker resorts to according to the requirements of the denominator, frameworks, parties and purposes.
The grammatical structures in the Arabic language can be reduced in the following classification manner:
The problem in overcoming the stumbling blocks of syntax is related to the blurring of the sentence limit in the mind of the language user. If this limit is clarified, the factors become clear, and with the clarity of the factors, the margin of melody decreases, and the tone line appears, which is ascending at the beginning of the sentence, and lowering at the end.
Based on that, it can be said that the sentence at the end is an attributional nucleus, and additional elements that restrict the central attribution to which the various functions are attached, to reach semantic meanings at its first level and rhetorical meanings at the second level.
Keywords :Structure, Sentence, Grammar, Rhetoric.
El YOUSSOUFI Souad, Associate Professor, Faculty of Arts and Human Sciences, Mohammed V University, Rabat – MOROCCO