The Middle East is currently in front of a continuing complex drought crisis. In addition to effects on natural resources, there were noticed in different aspects including society, and the economy, and even more on the political situation. The drought disaster in the Middle East is complicated and interdependent. It includes many factors such as weak water management, geopolitical tensions, and local weather variation.
This study aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the escalating drought crisis in the Middle East. It investigates the current situation and potential prospects by examining the causes, effects, and challenges associated with it. This study also highlights the possible strategies for mitigating and adapting to the current drought conditions in the Middle East. This includes water conservation and management, planning environment-friendly irrigation systems, the use of choice water sources, and adopting drought-tolerant crops.
It is necessary to identify the causes of drought in the Middle East and to promote mitigation and adaptation techniques and methods to decrease the consequences of this challenge.
Keywords: Drought crisis, Water scarcity, Climate change and drought, Drought impacts, Drought management, Drought adaptation, Mitigation strategies.
Talib CHITHEER, Ph.D. in Evolutionary Ecology, Department of Biology, College of Education for Pure Sciences, University of Kerbala, Karbala – IRAQ
Hiba ALARAJI, Msc. in Science Teaching Methods, The Open Education College, Babil – IRAQ