العربية والفرنسية في التعليم التشادي
The Chad Constitution of March 31, 1996 and amended into 2005 stipulates in its article 9 that ” the two official languages are French and Arabic “. The political good-will of the Chad government to promote bilingualism was concretized by the law n° 16 of bearing 13 March 2006 organization of the Chad education system, whose article 5 stipulates that ” teaching and the training are given in the two languages: French and Arabic ” and the decree n° 1639 of 3 October 2018 laying down the methods of application of bilingualism.
Thus, the Chad State has today a great number of educational establishments on all the levels of the primary education, secondary and university as well in Arabic as in French.
This article aims at posing a historical glance on the use of the two languages teaching in Chad and the laws enacted in this respect.
Keywords: Chad, Arab Language, French Language, Teaching, Bilingualism.
Dr. Nourene Soulemane NOURENE, Assistant d’Université à l’Ecole Normale Supérieure de Ndjamena – CHAD
Dr. Mahamat Al-Mahadi AHMAT, Assistant d’Université à l’Université Adam Barka d’Abéché – CHAD