وثيقة صلح الحديبية – دروسها القيمة وفوائدها العظيمة
In the outskirts of Makkah al-Mukarramah, lies Al-Huddaybiya, a convention that was unjust to Muslims but accepted by the Prophet with Allah’s Almighty inspiration. This was to put an end to something effective. The Al-Huddaybiya Agreement has become a rich aid for the Islamic nation to recite its events and study its governed lessons. Especially in today’s situations, where its contents are generally applicable to the reality of Muslims in the political, social, educational, and legal aspects of their lives.
The research follows an analytical descriptive approach consistent with its nature, according to a well-structured methodology plan.
One of the most important findings of the research is that:
1- The peace agreement of Hudaibiya was a clear victory for Muslims, even though it appeared unjust at first. Allah described it as such in Surah al-Fatah. The Prophet accepted it to prevent bloodshed and out of respect for Allah’s sanctities.
2- Muslims may form alliances with others against a common enemy, as the Prophet did with Khazair, despite their paganism. This comes with the rights and duties that each has towards the other.
3- The need to write and certify covenants, as they are the best means of documenting them, whether individually or collectively, especially if they are international.
4- Al-Hudaybiyah’s victory came before the opening of Mecca al-Mukarramah. According to Ibn Al-Qiyyem, the truce was a reason for the great conquest. May Allah honor his messenger and his soldiers, and may the people enter into Allah’s religion in droves.
Keywords: Document, Reconciliation, Hudaybiyyah, Agreement, Covenants.
Dr. Abdullah HAQYAR, Professor at the Faculty of Sharia, Kabul University – AFGHANISTAN