المجتمع المدني ودوره في تحقيق التنمية
Interest in development is no longer limited to the state and public and elected institutions. Rather, civil society has become an important role in development, whether at the local, national or international levels. Interest in this role has increased in Morocco in accordance with the roles assigned by the Kingdom’s Constitution of 2011 to civil society, as it included the contribution of associations. Interested in public affairs issues and non-governmental organizations within the framework of participatory democracy. This interest in the role of civil society in achieving development comes within the framework of the transformations witnessed in the production and formulation of decisions, due to the rapid, deep and comprehensive transformation that the international community is experiencing in its various societies and their need for change, and the emergence of new development demands. This led to a reconsideration of the role of institutions and social actors in the field of local development, as development is no longer an issue linked to the state only, but has become a participatory issue, in which the state shares responsibility with local actors from local groups, the private sector, and civil society.
Therefore, the concept of civil society has come to occupy an important place on the agenda of the political arena and has a strong presence among decision-makers, including politicians, researchers and thinkers, not only at the international level but also at the national and local levels, and the requirement for the presence of the collective actor in managing public and local affairs has become more urgent. Rather, it has become an essential partner in development and public policy-making.
Keywords: Civil Society, Development, Local Development, Public Policies.
Dr EL Moufadel EL AYADI, Researcher in public law and administrative sciences; Administrator at the Regional Directorate of Health and Social Protection of the Tangier-Tetouan-Al Hoceima region – Kingdom of MOROCCO